What Does an Aesthetician Do?

You have several options to select from when you’re choosing from specialties in the beauty industry, and one of those is aesthetics. Instead of learning to cut and style hair, an aesthetician focuses on the appearance and health of clients’ skin. Fortunately, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects positions for aestheticians will increase by 11 percent from 2018 to 2028. Besides working for a spa, you also have the option to become your own boss and open a spa.

Information About What Aestheticians Do

An aesthetician is a person who applies treatments and performs procedures that enhance the health and appearance of a person’s skin. As an aesthetician, you provide services that combat the damaging effects UV rays have on a person’s skin, such as sunspots and wrinkling.

The therapies you provide when you’re an aesthetician improve the color, texture, and tone of clients’ skin. Ultimately, the treatments you provide give your clients a more youthful appearance.

Treatments Offered by Aestheticians

If you choose to become an aesthetician, you perform treatments ranging from microdermabrasion to waxing to chemical peels, just to name a few. Some even laser treatments like laser skin resurfacing.

Chemical Peels 

When you’re an aesthetician, you may provide chemical peels. During this type of treatment, you use a chemical on your client’s skin that helps remove the old skin to expose a healthier, more vibrant layer skin. This treatment stimulates the skin to peel the old skin and expose the new skin underneath.

You may perform mild, moderate, or deep chemical peels, depending on the clients’ particular desires and needs. Mild peels only remove the first layers of skin. Moderate peels remove the outermost layer and begin to penetrate the middle layer of the skin. Deep peels, on the other hand, remove the first layer of skin and fully penetrate the middle layer of the skin. Benefits of chemical peels include the following:

  • Acne scars
  • Wrinkles
  • Sun damage
  • Uneven skin tone
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Scars
  • Redness


Microdermabrasion classifies as a minimally invasive procedure that you can supply as an aesthetician. During this process, you use a special device to gently remove the outer layer of the skin and expose the new skin underneath.

This aesthetic service helps individuals who have skin issues, such as:

  • Age spots
  • Wrinkles
  • Fine lines
  • Acne scarring
  • Sun damage

The process consists of using a special applicator with an abrasive surface to gently sand away the thick outer layer of the skin to rejuvenate it.

Laser Skin Resurfacing 

Laser skin resurfacing consists of you using concentrated beams of light applied to areas where your client has irregular patches of skin. A majority of aestheticians either use erbium or carbon dioxide lasers. They work by affecting the outer layer of the skin to encourage cellular repair.

This particular treatment helps with a variety of skin conditions like:

  • Wrinkles
  • Acne scarring
  • Fine lines
  • Enlarged glands


You may also provide your clients with facials if you attend school to become an aesthetician. Each facial offers a client different benefits depending on the facial. Some possible benefits include

  • Skin rejuvenating
  • Skin brightening
  • Acne control
  • Correction of skin pigmentation issues

During a facial, you may steam a person’s skin and then use an exfoliant to scrub away the dry skin cells. A facial may also consist of massaging the client’s skin and then applying a mask.  Always, you apply toner or moisturizer at the end of the facial.

If you choose to become an aesthetician, you supply your clients with treatments to enhance their self-esteem and correct certain skin problems. The field will continue to grow over the years. Moreover, you receive the benefit of being able to work for yourself if you choose.

Contact New Age Spa Institute today to discuss how you can receive the training you need to make people look and feel younger.


*New Age Spa Institute does not encourage nor promote estheticians working past their scope of practice [as regulated individually by each state]. All classes are created with technical expertise in mind, prioritizing safe and effective handling of the treatment.

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